Robert Plutchik

Robert Plutchik

Robert Plutchik Books

Robert Plutchik created the 2D wheel and a conical 3D version in 1980 to understand his psychoevolutionary theory of emotion. He identified eight primary emotions, which he coordinated in pairs of opposites: joy versus sadness; trust versus disgust; fear versus anger and anticipation versus surprise.

Robert Plutchik is professor emeritus at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and adjunct professor at the University of South Florida. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University. His research interests include the study of emotions, the study of suicide and violence and the study of the psychotherapy process.

Robert Plutchik theory of emotion is :

  1. There are eight primary emotions - anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise, curiosity, acceptance and joy.
  2. This basic emotions are biologically primitive and have evolved in order to increase the reproductive fitness of the animal.

Emotions And Feelings--Psychology.

Robert Plutchik Quotes

All emotions other than basic emotions are variants of these, occurring in various combinations and mixtures. Robert Plutchik



1. Robert Plutchik.From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . Retrieved August, 2009, from

Selected Bibliography : Wikipedia .